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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Open-GPB 9 Open-GPB-2024 9 Flash - Abiotic interactions 9 Rootstock-scion contributions to seasonal water and light use diversity under field conditions

Rootstock-scion contributions to seasonal water and light use diversity under field conditions

Abstract

Cultivar and rootstock selection are two well-known strategies for adapting vine production in challenging environments. Despite the vast diversity of rootstocks and cultivars, their effective contribution to grapevine sustainable development and acclimation to changing growing conditions remains an open question. The use of robust and prompt monitoring tools can allow a powerful screening of the water status of the vineyard before considering a further detailed characterization. This study leveraged new tools to monitor the stomatal conductance (gs), transpiration rate (E), and quantum efficiency of photosystem II (ᶲPSII) throughout a season, from pre-veraison to after-harvest. The resulting dataset represent one of the largest and most comprehensive rootstock gas exchange studies to date, encompassing a broad range of rootstock-scion combinations: Grenache, Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon cv. grafted onto the rootstocks 110R, 1103P, SO4, 5BB, 140Ru, and Fercal. A total of 45 measurements, distributed by three blocks, were undertaken per combination throughout eleven dates. Overall, the results show that water use diversity is driven primarily by the cultivar and to a much lesser extent the rootstocks, whose contribution is greatly influenced by environmental parameters (e.g. VPD, light, temperature, and precipitation) and vine development. Grenache cv. showed the lowest gs values during the experiment, displaying the most conservative water use strategy. On the other hand, light stress responses were more homogeneous across rootstock-scion combinations. Finally, the contribution of most rootstock-scion combinations was revealed to be complex and to vary greatly across the season.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Article

Authors

Sara Bernardo1*, Hannah Chepy1, Marine Morel1, Elisa Marguerit1, Gregory A. Gambetta1

1UMR EGFV, Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRAE, Institute of Vine and Wine Science/ISVV, Villenave d’Ornon, France

Contact the author*

Keywords

gas exchange, grapevine, stomatal conductance, stress responses, water status

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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