Aroma composition of young and aged Lugana and Verdicchio

Abstract

AIM: Verdicchio and Lugana are two Italian white wines produced in the Marche and Garda lake regions respectively. They are however obtained using grape varieties sharing the same genetic background, locally known as Verdicchio in Marche and Trebbiano di Soave in Garda. Anecdotal evidence suggests that these two wine types exhibit distinctive aroma features. The aim of this work was to explore the existence of a recognizable odour profile for Lugana and Verdicchio, and whether specific aroma chemical markers could be identified.

METHODS: 13 commercial wines, 6 Lugana and 7 Verdicchio were used. Sensory analysis was done using sorting task methodology, assessing only odor similarities. A total of 53 volatile compounds were identified and quantified GC-MS analysis. Aging behaviors were also evaluated after an accelerated aging at 40 ° C for 3 months.

RESULTS: HCA analysis of sorting task data identified indeed two groups: one characterized by floral and minty notes and mostly associated with Lugana wines, the other characterized by spicy and toasted aromas and mostly associated with Verdicchio. From a chemical point of view, major differences between the two wines types were observed for cis-3-hexenol, methionol, phenylethyl alcohol, and geraniol. Lugana wines showed generally higher contents of terpenes, esters and methyl salicylate. Methyl salicylate was found in both wine types, in Lugana reaching concentrations greater than 105 µg/L. Methyl salicylate content of these wines was generally much higher than that reported for other wine types, so that this compound could be considered as varietal marker of Lugana and Verdicchio wines. Samples after accelerated aging showed that Lugana formed higher amount of p-cymene, while Verdicchio was characterized by the formation of vitispirane.

CONCLUSIONS:

Significant differences exist between Lugana and Verdicchio wines both at a sensorial and chemical level. These results highlight that environment and viti-enological practices play a fundamental role in the aroma expression of wines in spite of the very similar genetic background of the grape.

DOI:

Publication date: September 16, 2021

Issue: Macrowine 2021

Type: Article

Authors

Davide Slagheanufi

Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona, Italy, Filippo FORTE, Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona Riccardo MANARA, Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona Giovanni LUZZINI, Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona Maurizio UGLIANO, Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona

Contact the author

Keywords

lugana; verdicchio; wine aroma; chemical signature; sortin task

Citation

Related articles…

What is the best time to harvest grapes destined for withering? Ripeness and dehydration length affect phenolic composition of Nebbiolo grapes

Sfursat di Valtellina is a DOCG reinforced wine produced in Valtellina from partially withered red grapes of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Nebbiolo. The grape ripeness degree and the dehydration process strongly influence the physicochemical characteristics of grapes [1, 2, 3]. In particular, grape skin and seeds contain several classes of phenolic compounds strictly associated with red wine quality, which are significantly affected by these factors [4]. The aim of this research is to assess the combined influence of different ripeness levels and withering rates on the standard chemical composition and phenolic profile of winegrape in order to provide new insights and approaches to the management of withering, searching for the valorization of grape potentialities.

Clustering wine aromatic composition of Vitis vinifera grapevine varieties

Climate change is likely to impact wine typicity across the globe, raising concerns in wine regions historically renowned for the quality of their terroir. Amongst several changes in viticultural practices, replacing some of the planting material (i.e clones, rootstocks and cultivars) is thought to be one of the most promising potential levers to be used for adapting to climate change. But the change of cultivars also involves the issue of protecting the region’s wine typicity.

Influence du terroir et de la conduite du verger sur la vigueur, le développement et la productivité des pommiers. Conséquences sur la teneur en sucres des pommes

Dans le cadre d’une étude globale de l’influence du type de sol et de la conduite du verger sur la composition des pommes à cidre, une attention particulière est portée sur les facteurs amonts de la qualité comme

MODULATION OF YEAST-DERIVED AROMA COMPOUNDS IN CHARDONNAY WINES USING ENCAPSULATED DIAMMONIUM PHOSPHATE TO CONTROL NUTRIENT RELEASE

Yeast-derived aroma compounds are the result of different and complex biochemical pathways that mainly occur during alcoholic fermentation. Many of them are related -but not limited- to the availability of nutrients in the fermentation medium and linked to nitrogen metabolism and biomass produced. Besides, the metabolic phase of yeast also regulates the expression of many enzymes involved in the formation of aroma active compounds. The work investigates the overall effect of continuous supplementation of nutrients during alcoholic fermentation of a grape must on the volatile composition of wines.

Toasted Vine-Shoots As An Alternative Enological Tool. Impact On The Sensory Profile Of Tempranillo Wines

The use of toasted vine-shoots as an alternative enological tool to make differentiated wines has generated interest among researchers and wineries. However, the evolution of these wines in bottle and the effect on the sensory profile has not been studied so far.