Terroir 2008 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Variability in intrinsic water use efficiency (WUEi) of eight red varieties grown in the center of the Iberian Peninsula during an atypical vintage year

Variability in intrinsic water use efficiency (WUEi) of eight red varieties grown in the center of the Iberian Peninsula during an atypical vintage year


The study was performed in the summer of 2007, the point of confluence of a rather atypical vintage year in the area with abnormally low temperatures after a very humid spring. The experiment was carried out in a fully productive vineyard with espalier cultivation and different varieties in one of the largest terroirs of La Mancha (region in the center of Spain). Eight red varieties, i.e., five traditional varieties of the region (Tempranillo, Garnacha Tinta, Bobal, Tinto Velasco and Moravia Agria) and three international varieties (Merlot, Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon), were studied.
Daily monitoring of the gas exchange was performed with a portable infrared gas exchange system at different development stages (closure of the bunches, veraison and maturity). The recorded measurements allowed to determine, for each studied variety, the values of net photosynthesis (AN), stomatal conductance (gs) and transpiration (E) as well as to calculate intrinsic water use efficiency (WUEi).
The results showed significant differences between varieties as far as the gas exchange parameters are concerned. Bobal, Moravia Agria and Cabernet Sauvignon showed rather high assimilation rates (AN) during the day, usually above the rest. In turn, the WUEi proved that the Garnacha Tinta and Tempranillo varieties belong to the most efficient group under moderate water stress conditions.


Publication date: December 8, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2008

Type : Article



Instituto de la Vid y del Vino de Castilla-La Mancha (IVICAM).
Ctra. de Albacete, s/n. 13700 Tomelloso (Ciudad Real), Spain

Contact the author


varieties, intrinsic water use efficiency, photosynthesis, Vitis vinífera


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2008


Related articles…

Projected changes in vine phenology of two varieties with different thermal requirements cultivated in La Mancha DO (Spain) under climate change scenarios

The aim of this work was to analyze the phenology variability of Tempranillo and Chardonnay cultivars, related to the climatic characteristics in La Mancha Designation of Origin, and their potential changes under climate change scenarios. Phenological dates referred to budbreak, flowering, veraison and harvest were analyzed for the period 2000-2019. The weather conditions at daily time scale, recorded during the same period, were also evaluated. The thermal requirements to reach each of these phenological stages were calculated and expressed as the GDD accumulated from DOY=60. Changes in phenology were projected by 2050 and 2070 taking into account those values and the projected temperatures and precipitation, simulated under two Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios –RCP4.5 and RCP8.5– using an ensemble of models. The average phenological dates during the period under study were, April 16th ± 6.6 days and April 5th ± 6.0 days for budbreak, May 31st ± 6.0 days and May 27th ± 5.3 days for flowering, July 26th ± 5.6 days and July 25th ± 5.8 days for veraison, and Ago 23rd ± 10.8 days and Ago 17th ± 9.0 days for harvest, respectively, for Tempranillo and Chardonnay. The projected changes in temperature imply an average change in the maximum growing season (April-August) temperatures of 1.2 and 1.9°C by 2050, and 1.6 and 2.6°C by 2070, under the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios, respectively. A reduction in precipitation is predicted, which vary between 15% for 2050 under RCP4.5 scenario and up to 30% by 2070 under RCP8.5. The advance of the phenological dates for 2050, could be of 6, 7, 7, and 8 days for Tempranillo and 4, 6, 6 and 9 days for Chardonnay, respectively for budbreak, flowering, veraison and harvest under the RCP4.5 scenario. Under the RCP8.5 emission scenario, the advance could be up to 30% higher.

How to improve the mouthfeel of wines obtained by excessive tannin extraction

Red wines felt as astringent and bitter generally show high content of tannins due to grape phenolic compounds’ extraction in the maceration process. Among different enological practices, mannoproteins have been shown to improve the mouthfeel of red wines (1) and the color (2,3). In this work, we evaluated the effect of mannoproteins on the mouthfeel profile of Sangiovese wines obtained by excessive tannin extraction.

Changing the scale of characterization of a wine area: from a single protected designation of origin to a vineyard Loire Valley observatory (viLVO)

Terroir is increasingly important today in wine markets. In a large wine production area such as the Loire Valley, the whole territories/terroirs can be distinguished according to different combinations of geological, soil, climatic and landscape features but are also characterized by their differences and likenesses in terms of combinations of terroir units and practices.

Creativini: an augmented reality card game to promote the learning of the reasoning process of a technical management route for making wine 

Nowadays, the entire viticultural and enological process is wisely thought out according to the style of wine to be produced and the local climatic conditions. Acquiring the approach of a technical management route specific for wine production remains a complex learning process for students. To enhance such learning, The Ecole d’Ingénieurs de PURPAN (PURPAN), an engineering school located in Toulouse southwest France, has recently developed Creativini, a collaborative card game in English made of 150 cards spread into 14 batches. Students in groups of 3 to 6 must design a technical production route, from plant material to bottling.

Un modello di lavoro per lo studio dell’ up-grading tecnologico del vigneto nel Veneto Occidentale. Connettività degli attori e mappatura su dati avepa integrati con rilevamento speditivo e qualitativo

Il lavoro si prefigge di esaminare la propensione alla modernizzazione della viticoltura del Veneto Occidentale, letto attraverso la diffusione di forme di allevamento a sviluppo contenuto.