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Terroir and precision viticulture: are they compatible?

The concept of terroir or sense of place is almost as old as the wine industry. It is generally used as an all-encompassing term to reflect the effects of the biophysical environment in which grapes and their resultant wines are produced on the character of those wines. Historically, terroir has generally been considered at the […]

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New technologies to characterize spatial variability in viticulture

Measurements of parameters spatialy positionned, with on line sensors mounted on classical machinery or airborne imagery is no more a problem in viticulture. In a short time, high resolution data dedicated to the assessment of the vine characteristics, the soil, the harvest, etc. will become a reality. This information sources will allow the wine grower […]

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Characterization of vine vigor by ground based NDVI measurements

Many farming operations aim at controlling the leaf area of the vine according to its load. There are several techniques, direct and indirect, of estimate of this leaf area in a specific way, but impossible to implement at great scales. These last years, research in airborne and satellite remote sensing made it possible to show […]

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Characterization of spatial and temporal soil water status in vineyard by DC resistivity measurements

We performed a DC resistivity monitoring experiment during eight months in 2003. Low, medium and high resolution measurements have been carried out at various locations of a vineyard. General apparent resistivity mapping evidences the spatial variations of the summer drying of the subsurface.Three experiments have been conducted in the studied area :– parallel 2-D dipole-dipole […]

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Complementarity of measurements of electric resistivity of soils and ΔC13 of must in studies and valorization of wine terroirs

The correlations between vine water deficit cumulated over the ripening period of grapes, assessed by ΔC13 in must sugar, and the main analytic variables of grapes are significant. As a result ΔC13 is a useful tool in zoning homogeneous areas according to their technological qualities when harvesting. There is no significant correlation between ΔC13 in […]

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Grape ripening timing as a base for viticultural zoning: an agro-ecological approach

Due to the central role of the ripening timing in the evaluation of the varietal response to the environmental resources, a method to manage maturation curves has been developed. The method produces an index of veraison precocity and overcomes several methodological problems, like the visual evaluation of the veraison point and the multi-annual and multi-varieties […]

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High resolution remote sensing for mapping intra-block vine vigour heterogeneity

In vineyard management, the block is considered today as the technical work unit. However, considerable variability can exist inside a block with regard to physiological parameters, such as vigour, particularly because of soil heterogeneity. To represent this variability spatially, many measurements have to be taken, which is costly in both time and money. High resolution […]

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Mapping terroirs at the reconnaissance level, by matching soil, geology, morphology, land cover and climate databases with viticultural and oenological results from experimental vineyards

This work was aimed at setting up a methodology to define and map the «Unités Terroir de Reconnaissance» (UTR), combining environmental information stored in a Soil Information System with experimental data coming from benchmark vineyards of Sangiovese vine. A Soil Information System stored geography (reference scale 1:100,000) and attributes of i) land cover, ii) lithology, […]

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Modeling viticultural landscapes: a GIS analysis of the viticultural potential in the Rogue Valley of Oregon

Terroir is a holistic concept that relates to both environmental and cultural factors that together influence the grape growing to wine production continuum. The physical factors that influence the process include matching a given grape variety to its ideal climate along with optimum site characteristics of elevation, slope, aspect, and soil. While some regions have […]

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Monitoring water deficit in vineyards by means of Red and Infrared measurements

Vineyard water availability is one of the most important variables both in plant’s production and wine quality, once it regulates several processes, among which the stomata activity. To avoid water deficit, wine producers introduced artificial irrigation in their vineyard, using a semi-empirical process to calculate water amount. Some previous research presented measurements in the infrared […]

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