IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 GiESCO 9 GiESCO 2019 9 Category: Poster - Vine physiology and grape ripening

Poster – Vine physiology and grape ripening

GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine physiology and grape ripening

Switch genes as a key to understand the grapevine ripening disorder berry Shrivel?

The ripening of grapevine berries encompasses complex morphological and physiological processes, especially at veraison. Berry shrivel (BS) is a ripening physiological disorder affecting grape berries with visible symptoms appearing short after veraison. The main symptoms of BS are a strong reduction in sugar accumulation, inhibited anthocyanin biosynthesis and high pH values. The most popular red grape cultivar in Austria “Blauer Zweigelt” (Vitis vinifera L.) is specifically prone to develop the BS ripening disorder and up to date a no specific cause or causes could be identified. Recently omics approaches have identified and characterized key processes during grapevine ripening. Among them a small subset of genes, called SWITCH, have been described as markers for the onset of the ripening process in fruits.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine physiology and grape ripening

Testing the pathogen e-learning and field training course on grapevine virus knowledge and management

One of the reasons of the spread of grapevine virus diseases in
vineyards around the world is the lack of knowledge by the main actors of the wine sector. To face this problem, five partners worked together to develop the PAThOGEN project, a training program aimed to improve grapevine virus knowledge and management. The partnership gathers one French technical center (IFV), one Spanish university (USC), one Italian applied research center (CREA), one Spanish foundation
specialized in training and technology transfer (FEUGA) and one Italian SME specialized in the development of informatics tools and in knowledge transfer (HORTA).The objectives of PAThOGEN are: (i) to develop and
maintain a high-quality work-based Vocational and Education Training program, (ii) to improve the skills of professionals of the wine sector.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine physiology and grape ripening

The effect of management practices and landscape context on vineyard biodiversity

Intensification is considered one of the major drivers of biodiversity loss in farmland. The more intensive management practices that have been adopted the last decades, contributed to species declines from all taxonomic groups. Moreover, agricultural intensification has led to an important change of land use. Complex, mixed agro-ecosystems with cultivated and non-cultivated habitats have been converted to simplified, intensive and homogeneous ones with severe effects on biodiversity.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine physiology and grape ripening

The effects of reducing herbicides in New Zealand vineyards

Herbicides are commonly sprayed in the vine row to prevent competition with vines for water and minerals and to keep weeds from growing into the bunch zone. Sprays are applied before budbreak and reapplied multiple times during the season to keep the undervine bare. There is growing concern about the negative effects of herbicides on humans and the environment, and weeds in New Zealand have developed resistance to herbicides. Therefore, it is imperative that we reduce our reliance on herbicides in viticulture and incorporate methods that do not engender resistance.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine physiology and grape ripening

The grapesim model: a model to better understand the complex interactions between carbon and nitrogen cycles in grapevines

Nitrogen fertilization is an important practice to guarantee vineyards sustainability and performance over years, while ensuring berry quality. However, achieving a precise nitrogen fertilization to meet specific objectives of production is difficult. There is a lack of knowledge on the impact of nitrogen fertilizers (soil/foliar; organic/mineral) and different levels of fertilization on the interactions between carbon and nitrogen cycles within the vine. Crop models may be useful in that purpose because they can provide new insights of the effects of fertilization in carbon and nitrogen storage. The objective of this study is to build a model to simulate grapevine carbon and nitrogen content in vines to evaluate the impact of different fertilization strategies in vine growth and yield.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2019IVES Conference SeriesPoster - Vine physiology and grape ripening

Under trellis cover crop induces grapevine tolerance to bunch rot

Botrytis bunch rot occurrence is one of the most important limitations for the wine industry in humid environments. A positive correlation between grapevine growth and susceptibility to fungal pathogens has been found. In theory the effect of grapevine vegetative growth on bunch rot expression results from direct effects (cluster architecture, nitrogen status among others) and indirect ones (via microclimate). However, a reduction in bunch rot incidence can be achieved in some circumstances without major vine growth reduction. The present study was aimed to test the general hypothesis that bunch rot susceptibility is affected by vine vigor, but other factors associated with grapevine vegetative expression could be even more relevant.

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