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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 GiESCO 9 Category: GiESCO 2023

Proceedings of GiESCO 2023

The 22nd GIESCO meeting is held by Cornell University in Ithaca, NY, July 17-21, 2023.

Giesco 2023 – View all

GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session – Emerging topics

The challenge of improving oenological quality in favorable conditions for productivity

Marselan (Cabernet-Sauvignon x Grenache), has been planted for more than 20 years now in Uruguay. Due to its good agronomic and oenological aptitudes under uruguayan conditions, it is currently the red variety with highest plantation rate. The objective of the study was to identify management practices, aimed at improving quality in highly productive vineyards, different fruit/leaf regulation methods were tested in southern Uruguay.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session – Emerging topics

Techniques to study graft union formation in grapevine 

Grapevines are grown grafting in most viticultural regions. Grapevine rootstocks are either hybrids or pure species of different American Vitis spp. (particularly V. berlandieri, V. rupestris and V. riparia), which are primarily used to provide root resistance to the insect pest Phylloxera. In addition to Phylloxera resistance, ideally grapevine rootstocks should be resistant to other soil borne pathogens and adapted to abiotic stress conditions. New rootstocks have the potential to adapt agriculture to climate change without changing the characteristics of the harvested product. However, high grafting success rates are an essential prerequisite.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session - Sustainable viticulture

Diagnosis of soil quality and evaluation of the impact of viticultural practices on soil biodiversity in a Southwestern France vineyard

The soil plays a pivotal role in the agroecological transition processes, due to its numerous implications in production support, water regulation, air and nutrient supply, and its function of reservoir for the major part of planet biodiversity. Therefore, soil quality and adequate soil management are key levers for an ecologically and economically sustainable viticulture. Gascogn’Innov (2017-2022) is an Operational Group funded by the European Innovation Partnership for Agriculture. As such, it gathered winegrowers from the south-west of France (Gascony), scientists, advisors and technicians, around a project focused on the biological functioning of viticultural soil and the design of better-adapted technical paths for soil protection.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session - Sustainable viticulture

Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on grapevine roots across an edaphoclimatic gradient

Challenges associated with climate change, such as soil erosion and drought, have impacted viticulture across wine regions globally in recent decades. As winegrowers struggle to maintain yield and quality standards under these conditions, methods to adapt to and mitigate the impacts of climate change have become more prevalent. One potential mitigation strategy is to enhance symbiotic interaction of grapevine roots with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF).

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GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session - Sustainable viticulture

Towards stopping pesticides: survey identification of on-farm solutions

The winegrowing sector consumes a lot of pesticides. Changes in vineyard are necessary in order to reduce or even stop using pesticides, and thus limit their harmful impacts on health and on environment. To answer these issues, the VITAE project (2021-2026) aims at designing pesticide free grapevine systems in France. For that, we take an interest in the vineyards using solutions to strongly reduce chemicals but also biopesticides. We assume that such vineyards exist and that they are implementing solutions that could inspire the design of free- pesticide system.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session - Sustainable viticulture

Scientific research for an «Ad Maiora 4.1C» application «A step back towards the future universally sustainable EME4.1C». A concrete example of forward-looking and revolutionary entrepreneurial choices in the vine and wine sector

In 1979 an enlightened and farsighted business owner in an area and in an activity unknown to him and in 120 hectares of land cultivated with corn and wheat expressed to one of us that he wanted to start a business in the wine sector. The first innovative "Vigna Dogarina Scientific Applicative Project" has become famous and harmoniously inserted in and with the "Territoir" of eastern Veneto in northeastern Italy. The revolutionary project allowed one of us: 1. to put into practice results of research related to the applied philosophy, vision, methodology of the "Great MetaEthic Chain 4.1C®" algorithm of the “Conegliano Campus 5.1C®” that considers all material, immaterial, spiritual, technical, economic, environmental, social, existential, relational, ethical, MetaEthical factors with basic indexing in a harmonious chain “ 4.1C®” and application “5.1C®”, 2. to implement:

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GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session - Sustainable viticulture

Management of cover plants impacted the composition of Cabernet Sauvignon red wines in a temperate region of Brazil

- Several practices can be applied to vineyards in order to ensure good healthy for grapevines, adequate yield and fruit quality. Among them, the use of cover crops is a relevant option for soil management. It increases the organic matter, improves water infiltration, reduces risks of soil erosion and greenhouse gas emissions, in addition improving biodiversity in the vineyard.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session - Sustainable viticulture

The true cost of the vineyard landscape enhancement. First results in the Venezia biodistrict 

The research is part of the “Ecovinegoals” project, financed by Interreg Adrion funds. It aims to encourage the adoption and dissemination of agroecological practices in intensive wine-growing areas. The study focuses on cost analysis of the wine-growing landscape enhancement in an organic winery in order to provide a useful tool for winemakers to direct their investments in green infrastructures. One of the Italian pilot areas of the Ecovinegoals project is the Venezia Biodistrict, characterized by viticulture in a flat reclamation area of 105,800 hectares.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session - New disease tolerant varieties

High-altitude vineyards under extreme conditions in the PIWI context of cultivation: economic and marketing evidence from an exploratory study in Northern Italy

Viticulture has spread to unexpected locations, such as high-altitude terrain. Among these, high-altitude viticulture has captured considerable attention, not only for the uniqueness of its products and landscapes but also because it offers an effective response to climate changes
The aim of this study is to analyse and compare wineries that used Piwi varieties (acronym for the German Pilzwiderstandfähig, i.e., cryptogame-resistant) at high altitudes (between 500 and 920 m a.s.l.) with the traditional non-mountainous viticulture model.

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GiESCOGiESCO 2023IVES Conference SeriesPoster session - New disease tolerant varieties

The start of Croatian grapevine breeding program

Modern viticulture in Croatia and the world is mainly based on the grapevine varieties susceptible to various diseases and pests, which leads to unsustainable use of large amounts of pesticides. The sustainable development of viticulture in the future will only be possible by increasing the resistance of the grapevine through the development of new resistant varieties. Breeding programs have been launched in the leading wine-growing countries with the aim of developing resistant varieties possessing high quality level. Coratia is rich in in native grapevine varieties that are the basis of wine production, and are not included in the breeding programs of other countries.

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