Monthly Archives: August 2020

Volatile organic compounds: a role in elicitor-induced resistance of grapevine against pathogens?

As Vitis vinifera varieties are susceptible to fungal diseases, numerous chemical treatments are generally required to ensure the quantity and quality of the harvest. However, in the context of sustainable viticulture, there are increasing societal request, political incitation, and winegrowers’ awareness to reduce the use of pesticides. Among possible solutions the use of elicitors that […]

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The future of wine grape growing regions in europe

Recent warming trends in climatic patterns are now evident from observational studies. Nowadays, investigating the possible impacts of climate change on biological systems has a great importance in several fields of science.  We applied the MaxEnt modelling approach to predict the possible effect of climate change on wine grape distribution as a species at European […]

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Application of high-resolution climate measurement and modelling to the adaptation of New Zealand vineyard regions to climate variability

Initial results are presented of research into the relationship between climate variability and viticulture in New Zealand vineyards. Atmospheric modelling and analytical tools are being developed to improve adaptation of viticultural practices and grape varieties to current and future climate. The research involves application of advanced local and regional scale weather and climate models, and […]

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The terroir of winter hardiness: a three year investigation of spatial variation in winter hardiness, water status, yield, and berry composition of riesling in the niagara region using geomatic technologies

Grapevine winter hardiness is a key factor in vineyard success in many cool climate wine regions. Winter hardiness may be governed by several factors in addition to extreme weather conditions – e.g. soil factors (texture, chemical composition, moisture, drainage), vine water status, and yield– that are unique to each site. It was hypothesized that winter […]

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Analysis of temporal variability of cv. Tempranillo phenology within Ribera del Duero Do (Spain) and relationships with climatic characteristics

The Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin (DO) has acquired great recognition during the last decades, being considered one of the highest quality wine producing regions in the world. This DO has grown from 6,460 ha of vineyards officially registered in 1985 to approximately 21,500 ha in 2013. The total grape production stands at around […]

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Impacts of environmental variability and viticultural practices on grapevine behaviour at terroir scales

Climate change poses several challenges for the wine-industry in the 21st century. Adaptation of viticultural and winemaking practices are therefore essential to preserve wine quality and typicity. Given the complex interactions between physical, biological and human factors at terroir scales, studies conducted at these fine scales allow to better define the local environment and its […]

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High resolution climatic zoning of the Portuguese viticultural regions

Viticulture and winemaking represent a key sector for the Portuguese economy. As grapevines are strongly governed by atmospheric factors, climate change may impose a major threat to this crop. In this study, the current-past (1950-2000) and future (2041-2070) climatic conditions in Portugal are analyzed using a number of bioclimatic indices, including a new categorized index […]

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A fine scale study of temperature variability in the Saint-Emilion area (Bordeaux, France)

As the quality and typicity of wine are influenced by the climate, it is essential to have a good knowledge of climate variability, especially with regard to temperature, which has a great impact on vine behavior and grape ripening. Accurately zoning the early and late ripening areas, particularly in a context of climate change, will […]

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Thermal risk assessment for viticulture using monthly temperature data

Temperature extremes affect grapevine physiology, as well as grape quality and production. In most grape growing regions, frost or heat wave events are rare and as such conducting a risk analysis using robust statistics makes the use of long term daily data necessary. However, daily climate data suffers many constraints such as typically having a […]

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