Monthly Archives: December 2021

Free amino acid composition of must from 7 Vitis vinifera L. cv. in Latium (Italy)

Free amino acid concentrations in must of 7 Vitis vinifera cultivars (Cabernet Franc, Syrah, Merlot, Montepulciano, Sangiovese, Cesanese d’Affile, Carmenere) grown in the Latium region (Italy) were monitored from 2003 to 2005. The cultivars were located in a homogeneous soil and climatic zone and with the same training system (Cordon Spur). The influence of climate […]

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Effets de l’application d’acide gibbérellique (GA3) sur la qualité de raisins et de vins produits en climat tropical au Nord-Est du Brésil

The honeydew moth Cryptoblabes gnidiella is the main problem for the wineries in the Northeast of the Brazil, because it attacks the bunch and reduces the quality of the grapes and the wines. In order to stretch out the bunch to facilitate the penetration of the insecticides, it was used gibberellic acid. Six treatments with […]

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Topographic modeling with GIS at Serra Gaúcha, Brazil: elements to study viticultural terroir

Brazil is historically known at the international wine market as an importer, eventhough in the last decades there was an increase in quantity and quality of the internal production. Nowadays, about 40% of fine wines comsuption of the country are national ones. The main production region is called Serra Gaúcha, where the natural conditions are […]

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“Terroir” studies in the Côtes du Rhône controlled appellation: from zoning to application

This work gives a summary of the most important programmes about viticultural « terroirs », developed on the « Côtes du Rhône » controlled appellation area for about twenty years.The global plan is organized in 3 stages :The first one regroups different characterisations of « terroirs » diversity ending at zoning : maps of topography, […]

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Study of the “Charentes terroir” for wine production of Merlot and Sauvignon: method, installation of the experimental device, first results

Cognac vineyard is mainly dedicated to brandy production. Within the vineyard restructuring context, one part is turned over wine varieties for wine production (about 1,500 ha planted from 1999 to 2005). Today, the new wine producers need technical references about qualitative potential of the « Charentes Terroir », varieties and adapted vineyard management.In order to […]

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Relationship between soil and grapevine variety in the wineyard of Jura: example for the “Trousseau” variety from the “Terroir” of Montigny-Lès-Arsures (France)

Seven plots located in the commune of Montigny-lès-Arsures (Jura, 39), planted with grapevine varieties Trousseau and Savagnin, were chosen for a study of soil pits and a distribution of major and trace chemical elements in soils and wines. It was shown that the mineral matrix of the soil reflects the geological substratum and the sub-surface […]

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Influence of edapho-climatic factors on grape quality in Conca de Barberà vineyards (Catalonia, Spain)

Soil and climate of 3 vineyards have been characterised in order to determine their influence on grape quality. These vineyards are located in Conca de Barberà (Catalonia, NE Spain) and belong to Cabernet sauvignon and Grenache noir cultivars. All 3 plots are very close, so only interannual climatic data of the nearest meteorological station have […]

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Vine plant material: situation and prospect

vine plant material is one of the major factors of terroir. The vine numbers over 1,000 species, of which the main cultivated species, Vitis vinifera, includes some 6,000 varieties. For the last forty years, selection has been carried out on these, mainly through clonal selection. However, today, only 300 varieties present one or more clones. […]

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Cartography of « Terroir Units » is a Tool to Improve the Ré Island Vineyard Management (France)

A study of « terroirs » was achieved from 2003 to 2005 in the whole vineyard of the Ré island (17, France). Over more than 1,990 ha, a cartography at the 1/10.000 scale, including characterization of climatic, pedological, geological and hydrogeological components of « Basic Terroir Units » (B.T.U.) was made. Also, a survey among […]

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Agronomical assessment of a vine « terroir » map: first results in the « AOC » Minervois region

Minervois is a vine region where the first detailed soil map was begun 30 years ago. In 2003, a new map was drawn plotting the soil-landscape associations. This map distinguishes 8 large soil units based on geology. The widest (called « marnes ») is the most complex : it is made of 57 sub-units, which […]

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