Stilbenes, a kind of non-flavonoid phenolic compounds, have been reported to be responsible for various beneficial effects. Their biological properties include antibacterial and antifungal effects, as well as cardioprotective, neuroprotective and anticancer actions (Guerrero et al. 2009).Several strategies can be used to increase stilbene content in grapes and one of them could be the use of elicitors such as methyl jasmonate. The use of this elicitor has been proven to be efficient in the production of secondary metabolites which increases the quality of wines, but its use also has some drawbacks such as its low water solubility, high volatility, and its expensive cost (Gil-Muñoz et al. 2021).
Tangible variation of sensory characteristics is often perceived in wine aged in similar barrels. This variation is mostly explained by differences in the wood chemical composition, and in the production of the barrels. Despite these facts, the literature concerning barrel-to-barrel variation and its effect on wine sensory and chemical characteristics is very scarce . In this study, the barrel-to-barrel variation in barrel-aged wines was examined in respect of the most important phenolic compounds of oenological interest and chromatic characteristics, considering both the effects of the (individual) barrel and cooperage. A red wine was aged in 49 new medium-toasted oak (Quercus petraea) barrels, from four cooperages, for 12 months
Phenolic compounds of wine spirits resulting from different ageing technologies: behaviour during the storage in bottle
Phenolic compounds are released from the wood into the wine spirit (WS) during the ageing process, and are of utmost importance to the colour, flavour, taste and the overall quality acquired by this spirit drink.1 Their concentrations in the WS and the related effects mainly depend on the kind of wood (oaks vs chestnut), toasting level and ageing technology (traditional using wooden barrels vs alternative).1,2,3
Stability of 3-mercaptohexanol during white wine storage in relationship to must pre-fermentative fining
3-Mercaptohexanol (3MH) is a volatile thiol occurring in several white and red wines, where it can contribute to fruity attributes. Its content is typically high in wines from certain grape varieties, in particular Sauvignon blanc, where it is considered a varietal marker. The strong nucleophilic character of thiols makes 3MH rather unstable during wine storage, due to the presence of several strong electrophilic species. Among these electrophilics, those arising from the oxidation of flavan3-ols such as catechin and epi-catechin have been indicated as critical for 3MH stability. Accordingly, there is a generalized interest towards the ability of vinification practices to reduce 3MH loss during aging through the management of wine flavan-3-ols content.
For many years, enological research has developed commercial formulates of yeast derivatives as stabilizing agents and technological adjuvants in winemaking. These products are obtained from yeast by autolytic, plasmolytic, or hydrolytic processes that liberate many macromolecules from the yeast cell, principally polysaccharides and oligosaccharides and most specifically mannoproteins that are well known for their ability to improve tartaric stability and to reduce the occurrence of protein hazes (Ángeles Pozo-Bayón et al., 2009; Charpentier & Feuillat, 1992; Morata et al., 2018; Palomero et al., 2009).
Depletion Of Vine-Shoots Phenolic Composicion After Being Used As An Enological Tool For Wine Differentiation
Pruning vine-shoots are a viticulture waste that have been traditionally poorly exploited in relation to its chemical minority composition related to phenolic and volatile compounds. In this line, toasted vine-shoots supposes a proposal of enological tool to use to modulate the chemical and sensorial profile of wines. From a phenolic point of view, when vine-shoots are used during winemaking mainly influence to increase the flavanols and stilbenes content, mostly trans-resveratrol, as also an increasing in the sweet tannins and decreasing the green character and total anthocyanins, changing the violet for garnet colour.
Influence of phenolic composition and antioxidant properties on the ageing potential of Syrah red wines measured by accelerated ageing tests.
Red wine ageing impacts its chemical and sensory characteristics such as colour, astringency and aromas evolution. Wine ageing involves many chemicals and physico-chemical reactions. Oxygen has an important role in these evolutions, especially during bottle ageing. It is known that wine composition and its antioxidant capacity are correlated to its ability to undergo with oxygen exposure . A high oxygen exposure can affect wine quality by the formation of undesirable oxidative volatile compounds such as acetaldehyde . Thus, ageing capacity is an important factor for wine quality and is related to extent of oxidation with ageing .
Possible Reduction Method Of Volatile Acid Content And Polyphenols Of Tokaj Aszú Wines With The Aid Of Citosan Bactericid Wine-Treatments
The historical Tokaj region in northeast Hungary is a UNESCO World Heritage region since 2002 owning 5.500 ha vineyards. Produced from „noble rot” grapes, Tokaji Aszú is known as one of the oldest botrytized wines all over the world. Special microclimatic conditions (due to Bodrog and Tisza rivers, Indian summer), soil circumstances (clay, loess on volcanic bedrock) and grape-varieties (Furmint, Hárslevelű) of Tokaj-region offer favourable parameters to the formation of noble rot caused by Botrytis cinerea. The special metabolic activity of Botrytis results in noble rot grapes called “aszú” berries. The grapes undergo complex chemical modifications as the joint result of the enzymatic activity of Botrytis and the physical process of concentration.
The effect of wine cork closures on volatile sulfur compounds during accelerated post-bottle ageing in Shiraz wines
Reduced off-flavour is an organoleptic defect due to an excess of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) in wine and often happening in Shiraz wines. This off-flavour is a direct consequence of the lack of oxygen flow during winemaking and bottle storage. Therefore, wine closure could have a direct impact on the formation of VSC due to the oxygen transfer rate that can modulate their levels. Even if dimethylsulfide (DMS) contributes to reduced off-flavor, it is also a fruity note enhancer in wine and its evolution during wine ageing is not well understood.
Beneficial effects of moderate consumption of Teran red wine on blood lipid profile: a preliminary study on healthy volunteers
Moderate wine consumption may impact several human health aspects, among others as a result of phenolic compounds present in wine and their bioactive properties. The aim of this study was to determine whether six weeks of daily, moderate Teran red wine consumption affects the levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol – HDL, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol – LDL, and triglycerides. Sixty-eight healthy adults (46 women and 22 men) aged 25-64 years voluntarily agreed to participate in the study.
Influence of maceration time and temperature on some bioactive compounds in Malvazija istarska white wines
The rising trend of moderate wine consumption as a part of a healthy lifestyle promotes white wines with higher phenolic content because of their bioactive properties. Duration and temperature of the maceration process have a marked impact on the content and composition of wine phenolics. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of applying maceration processes of different durations and temperature on total phenolic content and flavan-3-ol compounds concentration of Malvazija istarska (Vitis vinifera L.) wines, an autochthonous Croatian white grape variety. Vinification took place at the Institute of Agriculture and Tourism (Poreč) where pre-fermentative two days cryomaceration treatment at 8 °C (CRYO), seven days maceration treatment at 16 °C (M7), and prolonged post-fermentative maceration treatments at 16 °C for 14 days (M14), 21 day (M21), and 42 days (M42) were studied and compared to non-maceration control treatment (C). Total phenolic content was determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu colorimetric method using a UV/VIS spectrophotometer and the results were expressed as gallic acid equivalents (mg/L GAE).
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the most commonly used yeast species in winemaking. The recent research showed that non-Saccharomyces yeasts as fermentation starters show numerous beneficial features and can be utilized to reduce wine alcoholic strength, regulate acidity, serve as bioprotectants, and finally improve wine aromatic complexity. The majority of published studies on this topic investigated the influence of sequential or co-inoculations of non-Saccharomyces and S. cerevisiae yeasts on the aroma of final wine.
Comparative study of the volatile substances and ellagitannins released to wine by barrels of Quercus pyrenaica, Quercus petraea and Quercus alba
The aim of the study was to study the volatile substances and ellagitannins released to wine by barrels of Quercus pyrenaica (Spanish Oak) in comparison with barrels of Quercus petraea (French Oak) and Quercus alba (American Oak) as well as to determine their sensory impact.
Comparison between the volatile chemical profile of two different blends for PDO “Valpolicella Superiore”
Valpolicella is a famous wine producing region located in the north of Verona close to Garda lake and owes its fame above all to the production of two Protected Designation of Origins (PDOs) withered wines: Amarone and Recioto. Nowadays the production of another PDO, Valpolicella Superiore is gaining more attention by the consumers, increasing the interest of the wineries to improve the quality of this wines
Effect of Quercus Alba oak barrels from different forests on the polyphenolic composition of Tempranillo red wines
The species and origin used for red wine oak aging determines the physiological composition of the wood and thus the finished wines. In America, oak is grown primarily in the states of Virginia, Missouri, Kentucky, Oregon, Ohio, Minnesota, Wisconsin and California. The aim of this study was to analyze how the choice of barrels made with Quercus Alba oak from different geographic areas of the United States (Missouri, Kentucky, Ohio and Pennsylvania) influences the polyphenolic composition of Tempranillo red wines.