Monthly Archives: September 2021

Evaluation of glutathione content in four white varieties in the d.o. Ca. Rioja (Spain)

AIM: Glutathione is a tripeptide that is mainly found in reduced form in grapes. It generates during the maturation of the grape, increasing significantly after veraison [1]. It plays a relevant role in the prevention of oxidative processes due to its high antioxidant activity. Its content in the grape is influenced by many factors (variety, […]

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Grape texture characteristics are linked to one major qtl

AIM: Berry texture and berry skin mechanical properties have high agronomic importance, related to quality and marketing requirements of wine, table and raisin grapes. Despite the efforts already made to detect molecular markers and candidate genes associated with berry texture, different QTLs were proposed until now, showing low contribution rates to the trait, likely due […]

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Within-vineyard spatial variation impacts methoxypyrazine accumulation in the rachis of Cabernet-Sauvignon

AIM: To investigate the impact of spatial variation in vine vigour on the accumulation of methoxypyrazines in the rachis of Cabernet-Sauvignon. Cabernet-Sauvignon rachis has been shown to contain significantly higher concentrations of 3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine (IBMP) than that found in berry material. IBMP is readily extracted from rachis during fermentation and can impact the flavour profile of […]

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Effect of application of kaolin and pinolene on grape berry cell death, berry shrinkage, and ethanol accumulation

AIM: Cell death in Vitis vinifera L. berries late in ripening and berry shrinkage (loss of mass) can decrease yield and reduce grape quality in cultivars such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and especially Shiraz. Techniques to ameliorate effects of cell death and berry shrinkage are limited. Pinolene and kaolin are two types of film-forming antitranspirants […]

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Characterization of 25 white grape varieties from the variety collection of ICVV (D.O.Ca.Rioja, Spain)

AIM: The effects of climate change produce an increase in sugar concentration and a decrease in acidity, without reaching the optimum grape phenolic maturity [1]. The aim of this work was to characterize 25 white grape varieties to find new strategies to fight against climate change. METHODS: The Variety Collecction that belongs to Instituto de […]

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Investigations into the effects of a commercial organic fertilizer and of quality compost on the soil and the vines

The influences of quality compost A+ and of a commercial organic fertilizer based on dry mash from bioethanol production, blackstrap molasses, vinasse, PNC (potato nitrogen concentrate) and CSL (corn steep liquor) on the humus content, on the mineral nitrogen content in the soil, in the must and in the vine leaves, on pruning wood weight […]

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Elicitors application in two maturation stages of Vitis vinifera L. cv Monastrell: changes on the skin cell walls

AIM: In a recent study, it was determined that the mid-ripening period is the most suitable for the application of methyl jasmonate (MeJ), benzothiadiazole BTH and MeJ+BTH on Monastrell grapes, to favor maximum accumulation of phenolic compounds at the time of harvest. However, the increase in the anthocyanin content of grapes was not reflected in […]

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Volatile and phenolic composition of Agiorgitiko wines from eight different areas of PDO Nemea zone

AIM: Agiorgitiko (Vitis vinifera L. cv.) is the most cultivated red grapewine variety in Greece1 located mainly in Nemea region, the largest PDO zone in Greece2. Although Agiorgitiko is considered as one of the most interesting red grape varieties, not only in Greece3, but also at international level4,5, however, there is a lack of knowledge concerning […]

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Is it possible to approximate the technological and phenolic maturity of grapes by foliar application of elicitors?

AIM: The increase in the temperature and the more severe water stress conditions, trends observed in recent years as a consequence of climate change, are leading a mismatch between the technological and phenolic maturity of grapes [1]. As a strategy to face this situation, the use of apatite (Ap) nanoparticles as nano-transporters of the elicitor, […]

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Preliminary evaluation of agronomic and enological properties of preselected grapevine clones of ‘Tempranillo’ and ‘Graciano’ in DOCa Rioja (Spain)

AIM. Cultivation of a few number of clones is causing the loss of vineyard biodiversity, resulting in the disappearance of biotypes that could be of interest to face future challenges, such as climate change or appearance of new pests. This topic is so relevant that OIV dedicated a recent resolution (OIV, 2019) to the recovery […]

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