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Effect of non-wine Saccharomyces yeasts and bottle ageing on the release and generation of aromas in semi-synthetic Tempranillo wines

AIM: Explore the variability and contribution of non-wine Saccharomyces yeasts and bottle aging on the release and generation of aromas of semi-synthetic Tempranillo wines, together with an in-depth study of the capacity of these strains to provide good fermentative and oenological qualities. METHODS: 16 Saccharomyces yeasts strains of different species and origins performed fermentations in […]

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Wine microbial diversity and cross-over applications: emerging results and future perspectives

AIM: Cross-over applications are an emerging technological approach in food microbiology where a microorganism from one traditional specific fermentation process is used to improve quality and safety in another agri-food production/chain (Dank et al., 2021). A complex microbial diversity is found in association with fermentation in wine, including Saccharomyces, non-Saccharomyces and malolactic bacteria,  all microorganisms versatile in terms of enological […]

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Impact of environmental conditions in vscs production during wine fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae

The aroma of wine is one of the most important determinants of quality as it strongly influences the consumer’s acceptance or rejection. Among the thousands of molecules comprising the wine aroma, sulfur-containing compounds can be considered as a “double-edged sword”: some of them, deriving from varietal precursors provide fruity pleasant aromas, while other ones, produced […]

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Aroma profile of Oenococcus oeni strains in different life styles

AIM: Three Oenococcus oeni strains previously isolated from spontaneous malolactic fermentation were characterized for their surface properties. Planktonic and sessile cells were investigated for aroma compounds production and the expression of genes involved in citrate and malate metabolism (citE and mleA, respectively), glycoside-hydrolase (dsrO), fructansucrase (levO), rhamnosyl-transferase (wobB), glycosyltransferase (wobO). METHODS: Bacterial adhesion on polystyrene was evaluated […]

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Response of different nitrogen supplementation on Saccharomyces cerevisiae metabolic response and wine aromatic profile

The wine yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can highly affect wine aromatic profile by producing and/or mediating the release of a whole range of metabolites (such as thiols, esters, and terpenes), which in turn contribute to enhanced aroma and flavor. These metabolites depend on yeast metabolism activated during fermentation which can constitute the ‘’metabolic footprint’’ of the yeast strain […]

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Application of plant growth regulators on Vitis vinifera L var. Mouchtaro affect berry quality characteristics & associated microbial communities

The phenolic profile of the red grapevine varieties berries is a key quality factor and several techniques have been applied to improve it (Perez-Lamela et al., 2007; Singh SK and Sharma, 2010). The last decade the application of resistance elicitors and phytohormones is an innovative viticultural technique (Paladines-Quezada et al., 2021; Alenazi et al., 2019).In the present study, […]

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Characterization of Brettanomyces bruxellensis biofilm, a resistance strategy to persist in wine-related environments

AIM: Biofilm is a resistance mechanism deployed by microorganisms to adapt to stresses, leading to their persistence in the environment. In the case of Brettanomyces bruxellensis, a wine spoilage yeast, knowledge about its capacity to form biofilm remains limited although this potential strategy could explain its recurring presence in cellars. In this study, we propose […]

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Impact of malolactic fermentation on volatile composition and sensory properties of white and rosé wine from the greek variety moschofilero

Moschofilero is a native grape variety, classified as a ‘gris’ type variety, that is cultivated in PDO Mantineia, Peloponissos, Greece. It is used for the production of both white and rosé wines. Due to high altitude of the vineyards, the harvest is done by mid October, and many vintages are characterised by high acidities and […]

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Bacterial community in different wine appellations – biotic and abiotic interaction in grape berry and its impact on Botrytis cinerea development

An in-depth knowledge on the conditions that trigger Botrytis disease and the microbial community associated with the susceptibility/resistance to it could led to the anticipation and response to the Botrytis emergence and severity. Therefore, the present study pretends to establish links between biotic and abiotic factors and the presence/abundance of B. cinerea. Several grape varieties […]

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Optimised extraction and preliminary characterisation of mannoproteins from non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts

The use of non-Saccharomyces yeast species for the improvement of wine technological and oenological properties is a topic that has gained much interest in recent years [1]. Their application as co-starter cultures sequential to the inoculation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and in aging on the lees has been shown to improve aspects such as protein stability and mouthfeel [2]. […]

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