Currently, the main demand in the global wine market relies on products with unique flavour profiles, character, and typicity, and the metabolism of yeasts greatly influences the organoleptic properties of wines. Therefore, the natural diversity of Saccharomyces strains rises in interest over the last decade, but a large part of this phenotypic diversity remains unexplored
Today, there is need to design, produce and label terroir wines, with unique organoleptic properties and more “attractive to consumers”. For this purpose, two Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast strains (Sa and Sb) isolated during spontaneous fermentations were used for white wine production from the Assyrtiko grape of Santorini. A third commercial strain was used as control.
Influence of coinoculation of L. plantarum and O. oeni on the color and composition of Tempranillo wines
AIM: The aim of this research was to determine the influence of performing malolactic fermentation (MLF) of Tempranillo wines by coinoculation with Lactobacillus plantarum or Oenococcus oeni and Saccharomycescerevisiae on the composition and color of the final wines in comparison with sequential inoculation with Oenococcus oeni and spontaneous MLF. METHODS: Around 1500 Kg of Tempranillo grapes from Pagos de Anguix winery (Anguix, AOC Ribera de Duero, Spain) were harvested at the optimal maturity
The sulphur dioxide (SO2) is the most widely used additive in the wine industry because of its preservative action. However, in recent years the number of wineries that produce wines without SO2 has increased significantly because its allergenic character.
Effect of environmentally friendly vineyard protection strategies on yeast ecology during fermentation
AIM: Currently, an increasing concern from governments and consumers about environmental sustainability of wine production provides new challenges for innovation in wine industry. Accordingly, the application of more-environmentally friendly vineyard treatments against fungal diseases (powdery and downy mildew) could have a cascading impact on yeast ecology of wine production.
Cell-to-cell contact modulates Starmerella bacillaris early death in mixed fermentations with Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a couple-dependent way
AIM: The diversity and complexity of the fermentation ecosystem during wine making limits the successful prediction of wine characteristics. The use of selected starter cultures has allowed a better control of the fermentation process and the production of wines with established characteristics. Among them, the use of mixed fermentations with Starmerella bacillaris and Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts has gained attention in recent years due to the fructophylic nature of the first and the ability of this inoculation protocol to reduce the acetic acid and ethanol content of the wines.
Effect of Saccharomyces species interaction on alcoholic fermentation behaviour and aromatic profile of Sauvignon blanc wine
Enhancing the sensory profile of wine by the use of different microorganism has been always a challenge in winemaking. The aim of our work was to evaluate the impact of different fermentation schemes by using mixed and pure cultures of different Saccharomyces species to Sauvignon blanc wine chemical composition and sensory profile.
AIM: Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)  is a modern technology for fast and sensitive amplification of specific DNA sequences under isothermal conditions. Its simple handling and no need for dedicated equipment together with an evaluation of the amplification event by in-tube detection make this method advantageous and economically affordable for on-site investigations in the industry.
Influence of nitrogen source on expression of genes involved in aroma production in Saccharomyces uvarum
Saccharomyces uvarum has interesting properties that can be exploited for the production of fermented beverages. Particularly, the cryotolerance and capacity to produce high amounts of volatile compounds offers new opportunities for the wine industry.
Expanding the biotechnological potential of M. pulcherrima/fructicola clade for wine-related applications
AIM: Strains belonging to M. pulcherrima/fructicola clade are frequently isolated from flowers, fruits and grape musts, and exhibit a broad spectrum of enzymatic activities and antimicrobial potential (Morata et al., 2019; Sipiczki, 2020; Vicente et al. 2020).
AIM: Glutathione (GSH) is a non-protein thiol naturally present in grape berries and produced by yeasts during fermentation. It has a strong antioxidant activity, thus can be added during winemaking to limit the oxidative phenomena of wine, preserving sensory characteristics and stability, ultimately promoting a healthier product by reducing the need for SO2 addition.
Screening of soil yeasts with fermentative capacity from the antarctic continent for their application in the wine industry
AIM: In the last years, many wineries are increasing experimentation to produce more distinguishable beverages. In this sense, the reduction of the fermentation temperature could be a useful tool because it preserves volatile compounds and prevents wines from browning, particularly in the case of white wines.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae intraspecies differentiation by metabolomic signature and sensory patterns in wine
AIM: The composition and quality of wine are directly linked to microorganisms involved in the alcoholic fermentation. Several studies have been conducted on the impact of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on volatile compounds composition after fermentation. However, if different studies have dealt with combined sensory and volatiles analyses, few works have compared so far the impact of distinct yeast strains on the global metabolome of the wine.
The Txakoli, a white wine produced in the Basque Country (North of Spain), has recently gained popularity due to wine quality improvement and increase in both acreages of production and wine consumption. The aim of this study was to characterize the chemical and microbiological differences between Txakoli wines made with grapes from different sites.
AIM: Grape withering is an oenological post-harvest process used for production of reinforced and sweet wines. Drying can be carried out by keeping the ripe grape in traditional large, well-aired rooms (non-controlled environment) or, more and more often, in a warehouse under controlled conditions of airflow and relative humidity (controlled environment).