IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 OENO Macrowine 9 OENO Macrowine 2023 9 Category: Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

Posters – Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

MOUSY OFF-FLAVOURS IN WINES: UNVEILING THE MICROORGANISMS BEHIND IT

Taints and off-flavours are one of the major concerns in the wine industry and even if the issues provoked by them are harmless, they can still have a negative impact on the quality or on the visual perception of the consumer. Nowadays, the frequency of occurrence of mousy off-flavours in wines has increased.
The reasons behind this could be the significant decrease in sulphur dioxide addition during processing, the increase in pH or even the trend for spontaneous fermentation in wine. This off-flavour is associated with Brettanomyces bruxellensis or some lactic acid bacteria metabolisms.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

INCREASING PINOT NOIR COLOUR DENSITY THROUGH SEQUENTIAL INOCULATION OF FLOCCULENT COMMERCIAL WINE YEAST SPECIES

Vitis vinifera L. cv. Pinot noir can be challenging to manage in the winery as its thin skins require careful handling to ensure sufficient extraction of wine colour to promote colour stability during ageing.1 Literature has shown that fermentation with flocculent yeasts can increase red wine colour density.2 As consumers prefer greater colour density in red wines,3 the development of tools to increase colour density would be useful for the wine industry. This research explored the impact of interspecies sequential inoculation and co-flocculation of commercial yeast on Pinot noir wine colour.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

INSIGHTS ON THE ROLE OF GENES ON AROMA FORMATION OF WINES

Yeast secondary metabolism is a complex network of biochemical pathways and the genetic profile of the yeast carrying out the alcoholic fermentation is obviously important in the formation of the metabolites conferring specific odors to wine. The aim of the present research was to investigate the relative expression of genes involved in flavor compound production in eight different Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains.
Two commercial yeast strains Sc1 (S.cerevisiae x S.bayanus) and Sc2 (S.cerevisiae) and six indigenous S. cerevisiae strains (Sc3, Sc4, Sc5, Sc6, Sc7, Sc8) isolated during spontaneous fermentations were inoculated in Assyrtiko and Vidiano grape must.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

INVESTIGATION OF MALIC ACID METABOLIC PATHWAYS DURING ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATION USING GC-MS, LC-MS, AND NMR DERIVED 13C-LABELED DATA

Malic acid has a strong impact on wine pH and the contribution of fermenting yeasts to modulate its concentration has been intensively investigated in the past. Recent advances in yeast genetics have shed light on the unexpected property of some strains to produce large amounts of malic acid (“acidic strains”) while most of the wine starters consume it during the alcoholic fermentation. Being a key metabolite of the central carbohydrate metabolism, malic acid participates to TCA and glyoxylate cycles as well as neoglucogenesis. Although present at important concentrations in grape juice, the metabolic fate of malic acid has been poorly investigated.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

UNRAVELLING THE ROLE OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA ON SPARKLING WINE ELABORATION THROUGH METABOLOMICS APPROACH

Xinomavro is a red grape variety from Northern Greece (Protected Designation of Origin), known for the nice acidities, perfectly appropriate for sparkling wine production (Rosé and Blanc de Noir). The elabo- ration of sparkling wine requires technical as well as scientific skills. Although the impact of the yeast strains and their metabolites on the final product quality is well documented, the action of bacteria still remains unknown.
The present work focuses (i) on the population diversity of lactic acid bacteria isolated from sparkling wines and (ii) on the technological effect of the species during sparkling wine elaboration.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

DEVELOPMENT OF BIOPROSPECTING TOOLS FOR OENOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS

Wine production is a complex biochemical process that involves a heterogeneous microbiota consisting of different microorganisms such as yeasts, bacteria, and filamentous fungi. Among these microorganisms, yeasts play a predominant role in the chemistry of wine, as they actively participate in alcoholic fermentation, a biochemical process that transforms the sugars in grapes into ethanol and carbon dioxide while producing additional by-products. The quality of the final product is greatly influenced by the microbiota present in the grape berry, and the demand for indigenous yeast starters adapted to specific grape must and reflecting the biodiversity of a particular region is increasing. This supports the concept that indigenous yeast strains can be associated with a "terroir".

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

AROMATIC AND FERMENTATIVE PERFORMANCES OF HANSENIASPORA VINEAE IN DIFFERENT SEQUENTIAL INOCULATION PROTOCOLS WITH SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE FOR WHITE WINEMAKING

Hanseniaspora vineae (Hv) is a fermenting non-Saccharomyces yeast that compared to Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sc) present some peculiar features on its metabolism that make it attractive for its use in wine production. Among them, it has been reported a faster yeast lysis and release of polysaccharides, as well as increased ß-glucosidase activity. Hv also produces distinctive aroma compounds, including elevated levels of fermentative compounds such as ß-phenylethyl acetate and norisoprenoids like safranal. However, it is known for its high nutritional requirements, resulting in prolonged and sluggish fermentations, even when complemented with Sc strain and nutrients.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATION DRIVES THE SELECTION OF OENOCOCCUS OENI STRAINS IN WINE

Oenococcus oeni is the predominant lactic acid bacteria species in wine and cider, where it performs the malolactic fermentation (MLF) (Lonvaud-Funel, 1999). The O. oeni strains analyzed to date form four major genetic lineages named phylogroups A, B, C and D (Lorentzen et al., 2019). Most of the strains isolated from wine, cider, or kombucha belong to phylogroups A, B+C, and D, respectively, although B and C strains were also detected in wine (Campbell-Sills et al., 2015; Coton et al., 2017; Lorentzen et al., 2019;

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

A NEW SPECIFIC LINEAGE OF OENOCOCCUS OENI IN COGNAC APPELLATION WINES

Oenococcus oeni is the main lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species which conducts the malolactic fermentation (MLF) in wine. During MLF, O. oeni converts malic acid into lactic acid, which modulates wine aroma composition leading to better balanced organoleptic properties. O. oeni is a highly specialized species only detected in environments containing alcohol such as wine, cider or kombucha. Genome analysis of more than 240 strains showed that they form at least 4 main phylogenetic lineages and several sublineages, which are associated with different beverages or types of wines.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

ENRICHMENT OF THE OENOLOGICAL MALDI-TOF/MS PROTEIN SPECTRA DATABASE FOR RELIABLE OENOLOGICAL YEAST AND BACTERIA IDENTIFICATION

The Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization–Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) technology is commonly used in food and medical sector to identify yeast or bacteria species isolated from a nutritive culture media. Since a decade, brewery and oenology industries have been attracted to this method which combines fast analysis times, reliability and low cost of analysis. Briefly, this method is based on the comparison of the MALDI-TOF/MS protein spectra of an isolated colony of yeast or bacteria with those contain in a manufacturer’s reference protein spectra database. Initiated in 2015, the creation of the first oenological mass spectra database has proved to be essential for increase quality of species identification.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

IMPACT OF MINERAL AND ORGANIC NITROGEN ADDITION ON ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATION WITH S. CEREVISIAE

During alcoholic fermentation, nitrogen is one of essential nutrient for yeast as it plays a key role in sugar transport and biosynthesis of and wine aromatic compounds (thiols, esters, higher alcohols). The main issue of a lack in yeast assimilable nitrogen (YAN) in winemaking is sluggish or stuck fermentations promoting the growth of alteration species and leads to economic losses. Currently, grape musts are often characterized by low YAN concentration and an increase of sugars concentration due to global warming, making alcoholic fermentations even more difficult. YAN depletion can be corrected by addition of inorganic (ammonia) or organic (yeast derivatives products) nitrogen during alcoholic fermentation.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

IMPACT OF METSCHNIKOWIA PULCHERRIMA DURING FERMENTATION ON AROMATIC PROFILE OF VIDAL BLANC ICEWINE

Non-Saccharomyces yeasts not only increase microbial diversity during wine fermentation, but also have a positive effect on improving wine aroma. Among these non-Saccharomyces yeast species, Metschnikowia pulcherrima is often studied and used in winemaking in recent years, but its application in icewine has been rarely reported. In this study, indigenous M. pulcherrima strains and Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains (commercial and indigenous strains) were sequentially inoculated for icewine fermentations; meanwhile, pure S. cerevisiae fermentations were used as the control; indigenous strains used above were screened from spontaneous fermentations of Vidal blanc icewine.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

STATISTICAL COMPARISON OF GROWTH PARAMETERS OF NINE BIOPROTECTION STRAINS IMPLEMENTED ON ARTIFICIALLY CONTAMINATED SYNTHETIC MUST

In recent years, consumer demand for products without chemical additives increased, becoming a priority for the wine sector. SO₂ is widely used for its multiple properties including antiseptics, antioxidants and antioxidasics and the strategy of bioprotection in winemaking represents now an alternative to this chemical additive. In oenology, results have highlighted the interest of bioprotection to limit the development of microorganisms like Hanseniaspora uvarum and thus reduce the doses of sulphite. Indeed, this species is considered because of its acetic acid and methyl butyl acetate production, the latter can cover the varietal character of wines.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO MacrowineOENO Macrowine 2023Posters - Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptation

EVALUATION OF INDIGENOUS SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE ISOLATES FOR THEIR POTENTIAL USE AS FERMENTATION STARTERS IN ASSYRTIKO WINE

Assyrtiko is a rare ancient grape variety that constitutes one of the most popular in Greece. The objective of the current research was to evaluate indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolates as fermentation starters and also test the possible strain impact on volatile profile of Assyrtiko wine. 163 S. cerevisiae isolates, which were previously selected from spontaneous alcoholic fermentation, were identified at strain level by interdelta-PCR genomic fingerprinting. Yeasts strains were examined for their fermentative capacity in laboratory scale fermentation on pasteurized Assyrtiko grape must.

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